When an affected tooth is beyond saving with any of the procedures listed above, an extraction is usually recommended. Extraction is the removal of the entire tooth from its socket. The area of extracted is then covered by gauze until bleeding has ceased and the site left open which allows it to heal on its own. Depending on the patient’s medical history this healing phase occurs anywhere from 4-6 weeks. In some cases, the tooth or the patient’s medical history is so compromised that the patient requires referral to a specialist such as an oral surgeron or periodontist for the safe removal of the tooth in question.